The Poverty of Pentecostal Theological Writing

20:20


Over the last few days I've read two excellent books. Neither of them was written by a Pentecostal. If you read much theology (or even just look at the bookshelf at the left-hand side of my blog from time to time) then that probably doesn't come as a huge shock. There are not really that many books written by Pentecostals, and among the few that are, there are not many that I'd rate as excellent.

But why? Why can other theological traditions produce such edifying writing while we Pentecostals struggle to produce any writing at all?

Now, before I provoke the wrath of Pentecostal theologians everywhere, I have to admit that more and more books are being written by Pentecostal scholars. However, what writing there is tends to be in the realm of highly academic theology; it's a case of theologians (and biblical scholars) writing for other theologians (and biblical scholars). I'm currently reading Robert Menzies' Empowered for Witness, which is a piece of excellent scholarship. However, I don't see many Pentecostal pastors (nevermind laypeople) reading it (what with 56 pages on 'Pneumatological Perspectives in Intertestamental Judaism', the use of technical jargon such as religionsgeschichtlich, and untranslated Greek and Hebrew). I'm glad that we have such thorough scholars as Robert Menzies, but I'm sad that most of the time it's only other theologians and biblical scholars that can profit from their work. (Robert Menzies is actually the one exception here; his book Spirit and Power makes his work accessible to a much wider audience.)

Now, this inaccessibility of much of the writing of Pentecostal theologians (and biblical scholars) to the average Pentecostal pastor is not a conspiracy: there are a number of factors that have contributed to the emergence of such a situation.

One is the reluctance of evangelical publishers to publish Pentecostal theology; as a result Pentecostal theologians have ended up being published by academic presses, thus necessitating a less accessible style of writing. Some of the evangelical presses are now opening up to Pentecostal theology, however some of those writers who have made the transition had perhaps got too used to highly academic writing and now find it hard to write for a somewhat wider audience. (Yes, that is my polite way of saying that they're still making things too complicated for a lot of potential readers.)

Another factor is the fact that Pentecostal pastors tend not to have as much theological training as ministers from, say, a Reformed background. That means that there simply isn't as much of a market for serious yet accessible Pentecostal theology. Serious yet accessible Reformed theological books abound, because there are people who want to read them and already have a decent doctrinal knowledge. Unfortunately it seems that Pentecostal theologians either have to assume (much) less doctrinal knowledge, and so we end up with rather simple books (which is not a criticism; they serve a very good purpose in teaching basic theology, and I'm working on such a book myself at the moment), or they have to aim for the small number of Pentecostal academic theologians/biblical scholars (I thought the biblical scholars might feel left out if I put them in brackets again). There just doesn't seem to be much of a middle ground in the market for Pentecostal books. It seems that you jump from Menzies and Horton on the AG's 16 Fundamental Truths (sorry, I can't remember the title of the book) to Yong's Spirit Poured Out On All Flesh. That's quite a jump for most people!

I also find myself wondering sometimes if a lot of Pentecostal theologians haven't simply given up on doing theology for the church. Some of the topics which concern Pentecostal theologians so much are very far removed from the concerns of the church. Perhaps this is an overreaction to the fact that for so many years Pentecostal theology was all about two things which were so immediately relevant to Pentecostal church life: Subsequence and Initial Physical Evidence. It's good that we can now write about other issues, but I'm sometimes a little bit concerned about the direction in which the new issues are going. Yet, perhaps, in a way, a move away from issues that are of concern to the church is understandable: after all Pentecostal churches are not well-known for the high value they place on theologians.

However, Robert Menzies has shown that it can be done. With Spirit and Power he has shown that a serious biblical scholar can write at a level that can be understood by the average pastor or even the interested layperson and do (serious) theology for the church.

Anyway, I've become greatly diverted from my original point, so I'll have to write a Part 2 sometime later in the week.

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The Tenets of the Apostolic Church


The Unity of the Godhead, and Trinity of the Persons therein.

The utter depravity of human nature, the necessity for repentance and regeneration and the eternal doom of the finally impenitent.

The virgin birth, sinless life, atoning death, triumphant resurrection, ascension, and abiding intercession of our Lord Jesus Christ; His second coming, and millennial reign upon earth.

Justification and Sanctification of the believer through the finished work of Christ.

The Baptism of the Holy Ghost for believers, with signs following.

The nine gifts of the Holy Ghost for the edification, exhortation and comfort of the Church, which is the body of Christ.

The Sacraments of Baptism by immersion and of the Lord's Supper.

The Divine inspiration and authority of the Holy Scriptures.

Church government by apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors, teachers, elders and deacons.

The possibility of falling from grace.

The obligatory nature of tithes and offerings.